Peter Ogudoro

Leadership provides you the opportunity to use the authority and power at your disposal to influence people within your circle to attain goals which should include meeting the needs of group members. You can derive your authority from a variety of sources including charisma, appointment, heredity, election and revelation. The authority you have grants you the right to give orders to your group members and have them obeyed.  Your power which gives you the practical ability to get others to do what you want may flow from your expertise, your capacity to punish disobedient members, your ability to reward those who do your bidding, your admirable characteristics, and the inherent privileges of the position you occupy

Transformational leaders who occupy their positions for a long time tend to possess both authority and power.  The leader who possesses all the varieties of power tends to achieve much more on a sustainable basis. The transformational leader is able to help group members develop the confidence that enables them to rise above their obstacles and accomplish much more than they imagined.

 Such a leader is generally speaking, efficient, and effective meaning that he/she is able to ensure that the desired targets are attained at minimal cost. He/she tries to use resources in such a way that every penny is made wise so that the pounds won’t be foolish. This means that money is not saved at the expense of goal attainment and quality goods and services.

Leadership Styles

A leader’s style reflects the person’s beliefs about human nature and the competence level of subordinates. Democratic leaders like consensus building and tend to be popular though they should know that the most popular leaders are not necessarily the most effective leaders. Autocratic leaders tend to be unpopular and generally suffer from bloated egos which drive them into looking down on others and consequently getting less from them. This is a case of self fulfilling prophecy. The laissez faire leader tends to abdicate his/her responsibility with dangerous implications for productivity. Competent and self motivated subordinates, however, tend to flourish most under such leaders.

The one who tends to win most of the time is the situational leader and this is largely because such a leader changes style as circumstances change. You can see the person manifesting autocratic tendencies during emergencies and in situations that require the demonstration of power. The factors influencing the style to use according to Fred Fiedler are

1.      Position power,

2.      Leader-Member relations, and

3.      Task Structure

In more common language, we should consider factors like time available, subordinates’ competence level, skill level of the leader, space available, technology available, relevant laws, policies and conventions as well as culture, financial resources available, and the objectives being pursued.

Functions of the Leader

Krech etal have identified the functions of the leader to include:

Primary Functions

Accessory Functions






Scape Goat

Mediator and Arbitrator

Substitute for Individual Responsibility

Purveyor of Rewards & Punishment

Father Figure

External Representative of the Group

External Symbol of the Group


Qualities of a Transformational leader

Bennis has argued that the leader who will make a positive difference should do the following well:

  1. Management of Attention,
  2. Management of  Meaning,
  3. Management of Trust, and
  4. Management of Self.

If you truly desire to have transformational impact on the people you lead, it is important that you ensure you have the following as essential qualities:

  1. Technical competence
  2. Environmental awareness
  3. Excellent Communication skills
  4. Exemplary
  5. Integrity
  6. Sacrificial
  7. Decisive and Firm
  8. Physically Healthy and Energetic
  9. People skills
  10. ICT skills
  11. Visionary, focused, Determined and Persistent
  12. Faith anchored on God
  13. Organized

  14. Change oriented and willing to break the rules without indulging in criminality. To learn more and join the elite group of leaders, get the author's two digital books available at Amazon. They are:

Right Thinking Right Actions and Success Mindset.


Peter Ogudoro is an Educationist, Career Strategist, and Development Consultant. His full profile and contact are available at