A UK-BASED EDUCATION RESEARCHER FINDS WAY OUT OF JAMB PROBLEMS
A UK-based Education Researcher, Dr Peter Ogudoro has through a 3-year intensive research conducted in Europe and Nigeria developed a model of access to higher education that will potentially resolve the problems JAMB UTME poses to young people in Nigeria. The model he has developed can give over a million additional candidates access to higher education annually and save Nigeria over a trillion naira (Billions of Dollars) annually in cost of public and foreign education.
Dr Peter Ogudoro who is a Development Educationist and Career Management Expert, in a news release, indicated that he conceptualized and executed the research which was self-funded as a contribution to Nigeria’s development.
He received training for the research in seven of Europe’s top universities including Johannes Kepler University in Austria, University of Cambridge, England, and Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway. The others are University of Sheffield, England, University of Oxford, England, University of Surrey, England, and University of Reading, England (where he did his doctoral research in Education). The Nordic Centre of Excellence for Justice through Education based at the University of Helsinki, Finland, and The Federal Institute for Educational Research, Innovation and Development of the Austrian School System, Salzburg, Austria also provided him training opportunities for the research. Most of the training he received outside of England for the research were facilitated by the European community of education researchers through their secretariat in Germany.
The Researcher indicated in his news release that the full benefits of his research results can be gained by Nigeria if the country’s parliament collaborates with the Federal Ministry of Education to make and implement enabling (new) education and labour laws and policies. He stated in his news release that with an annual secondary school graduation rate of about 2 million (the equivalent of the combined population of Luxemburg, Iceland, Malta, and Brunei) and population gain of about 5 million annually, failure to innovate access to higher education in Nigeria urgently could result in socio-economic and political consequences the country may not survive. According to him, youths not in education, training and employment constitute a keg of gun powder anywhere in the world. He observed that Nigeria’s multi-dimensional diversity makes the country’s case even more potentially destructive.
Implementation of the model produced by his research, he says, has the potential to help Nigeria develop to a significant level, the human capital that will put the country on a fast track to development. He stated that his research findings benefited from data he collected from 17 institutions in Europe and Nigeria including 9 professional bodies and 3 public education agencies in Nigeria which participated in the study.
Dr Peter Ogudoro
Education Researcher & Career Management Expert
information on the research is available below.
Email to email@example.com or
To follow him on twitter, go to www.twitter.com/profexamsclinic.
Some Details of the Research on
Access to Higher Education in Nigeria
The new model of access, Dr Ogudoro’s research findings suggest, will allow professional bodies and other higher education pathways in Nigeria to provide undergraduate study opportunities for most young people aspiring to study Arts, Humanities, and Social Science courses. Those opportunities will be open, flexible, blended, and at no cost to the government.
This will permit universities in Nigeria to devote most of their resources to the provision of study opportunities for young people aspiring to study Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) oriented courses as well as postgraduate study opportunities for those in the Arts, Humanities, and Social Sciences.
The research suggests a link between this model of access and the promotion of ethical conduct among its beneficiaries. The researcher argues that the adoption of this model will deal with the problem of corruption in Nigeria from its roots and give birth to a creative, innovative, productive and patriotic workforce, virtues he identifies as indispensable for the country’s competitive participation in a digitalized and globalized economy. He says that the new model can produce over a million skillful, productive, and innovative graduates within the next two years if faithfully implemented.
The researcher observes that the establishment of more universities in the face of Nigeria’s current economic challenges will impact negatively on the quality of higher education provided in the country. He says that the new model of access his research has produced, will potentially deal with the quality problem that has bedevilled Nigeria’s higher education system for several decades and produce higher education graduates who can deal with the peculiar development challenges of Nigeria.
Dr Ogudoro says there is no evidence to support the belief that the establishment of more private universities in Nigeria can help significantly in dealing with the dearth of people with cutting-edge skills needed by the country for improved livelihoods. He contends that a similar point can made for foreign undergraduate studies for young Nigerians. According to him, a combination of private university education in the country and foreign education for children of the elite has over the years limited the public space for young people from diverse backgrounds to study together and interact to forge a common vision for a prosperous Nigeria. He notes further that such a combination has militated against social mobility in Nigeria and made the country one of the most unequal societies in the world.
The researcher described as bewildering a situation where the cost of international education for the children of the elite in 2015 was more than the country’s federal budget for education in 2016. He said such students were not up to one per cent of Nigerians who are currently in higher education and described the trend as unsustainable. Dr Ogudoro indicated that judging from the results of his study, children of the poor are generally more concerned about public good than their privileged peers and wondered why public education policies discriminated against them.
He links the youth restiveness in the country resulting in diverse social problems to the limited opportunities young people have to lead productive lives and pursue aspirations that are in line with their potentials legitimately.
The education researcher says that his research revealed that the number of people finishing secondary school in the country annually is about 2 million (more than the combined population of Luxemburg, Iceland, Malta, and Brunei) with a national population growth that adds about 5 million people to Nigeria’s population every year. The researcher revealed that by the year 2020 (just four years away), over 6 million higher education aspirants in Nigeria (more than the population of Norway) will be rejected by the system on grounds of perceived lack of space if the current trend continues. He warns that in the face of youth unemployment and underemployment which may get worse, even the rich and the politically powerful in the country will face serious security challenges with grave implications for both direct domestic and foreign direct investment.
It is his contention that only a model of access to higher education that has an elastic capacity can cope with the impact of this phenomenal population growth rate on demand for higher education. He observes that the Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board (JAMB) as currently constituted as an examination service cannot deal with the challenges associated with this situation. It is his view that this has little or nothing to do with the quality of people running the board. According to him, the problem of the Board lies in its mandate which prevents it from investing in increasing supply of higher education places in Nigeria. He added that retrogressive employment practices in the country which have become major obstacles to the democratisation of access to higher education will make the Board’s job more difficult and grant more privileges to the children of the elite at the expense of the vast majority of young people in Nigeria whose parents are poor. He contends that the Computer-Based Test (CBT) which the Board now conducts cannot deal with the grossly inadequate higher education places candidates for the Board’s examinations compete for, no matter how valid the results are. He argues that CBT as it is currently conducted may increase inequalities in Nigeria and permanently shut down possibilities of social mobility thereby fuelling social tensions that may carry deleterious implications for the country’s political stability.
Dr Ogudoro who is a Fellow of the Chartered Institute of Personnel Management of Nigeria (CIPM), however, believes that Nigeria could reap demographic dividends from its youthful population if the large army of young people in the country are enabled through a revolutionized education system, to acquire the knowledge and skills requisite for their productive participation in the economy. He advises relevant public agencies such as Ministries of Education, JAMB, and National Universities Commission (NUC) as well as the country’s parliament to treat youth problems with the urgency they deserve. According to him, this is to avoid a situation where youths with grievances against society use their unrefined energies to engage in destructive endeavours even a combination of the armed forces and security agencies in the country may not be able to check.
It is the researcher’s belief that most other African and Asian countries such as Ghana, China, and India are similarly affected and could employ the new model which is critical of the 6-3-3-4 system of education to deal with their higher education access challenges and find lasting solution to examination malpractices. He says that he is willing to provide details of the model to governments that are committed to benefitting from it. Dr Ogudoro who has encouraged governments of developing countries to invest in education research and make their education policies evidence-based, is scheduled to speak to diverse stakeholders in the education industry including school counsellors, school proprietors and leaders, teachers, personnel managers, school inspectors, education correspondents, parents, and budding Public Relations Practitioners at seminars and workshops in Lagos, Nigeria before he returns to Europe.
information on the research is obtainable from Dr Peter Ogudoro who can be
reached on telephone number +2348023249654 or through www.twitter.com/profexamsclinic or www.fasteducation.org.uk/contact-us. Click here
for a short video summary of the research findings. Dr Ogudoro’s profile is
available here as well as at www.fasteducation.org.uk/administrators-profile.